Introduction to the 1930s Decade:

Jodi Lessner, Jack Bulk, Katie Zucca, and Eleanor Napoli
The 1930s was an eventful decade. From Great Depression to the start of World War II. From Mahatma Gandhi's Salt March, to Jesse Owens winning four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics. From the Hindenburg disaster to Kristallnacht in Germany against German Jews. The 1930s was a turning point in American and world history. The Stock Market crashed, and depression was sweeping not only America but the whole world. Jobs were hard to come by, and Franklin Roosevelt and the government were working overtime to get the country back up and running. At the brink of World War II alliances were shifting, and power was being sought out. People had a waste not want not attitude because of the Depression by using old bottle caps for buttons, and making sure nothing reusable was put to waste. Aside from all the gloomy events that occurred with the the Depression, good things happened too. The Wizard of Oz came out, being the first half black and white half color movie. City Lights came out, a new movie starring Charlie Chaplin. Horse racing was at its peak, and Babe Ruth was playing ball for the Yankees. In women’s fashion butterfly sleeves for women’s dresses were popular. The 1930s was a culturally rich and demanding decade, with a large contrast of good and bad.
1930s Collage

Migrant Mother
Migrant Mother

Mahatma Gandhi goes on Salt March.
Empire State Building was built.
"Mickey Mouse" comic strip appears for the first time.
Al Capone is captured for criminal activity.
U.S physicist Ernest Lawrence invents the cyclotron particle accelerator.
Japanese invade Manchuria.
30 million people world wide are unemployed.
Franklin Roosevelt is elected president.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) is put into place.
Adolf Hitler is elected chancellor of Germany.
Austrian chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss makes himself dictator.
U.S government introduces New Deal.
Bad farming brings the Dust Bowl.
Dollfuss is murdered by the Nazis.
Cole Porter writes "Anything Goes".
Benito Mussolini conquers Libya.
Radar is invented by the British.
The Richter scale is created to measure the intensity of earthquakes.
Egypt becomes independent of Britain.
Germany and Italy form the Rome-Berlin axis alliances.
Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics.
War begins between Japan and China.
Stalin begins to purge the Soviet Armed Forces.
Pablo Picasso paints "Guernica" in protest of the German air-raids on a Spanish town.
Kristallnacht-Night of Broken Glass occurs against German Jews.
The Coelcanth "Living Fossil" fish is caught in the Indian Ocean.
Hitler forces Austria to become part of Germany.
Poland is inWhat vaded by the Germans thus starting World War II.
German chemist Otto Hahn discovers nuclear fusion.
U.S novelist Raymond Chandler writes "The Big Sleep".

Slogan of the 1930s:
"What a dump!"

"Empire State Building -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Britannica Online Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
"ESL GRAMMARTALK: Grammartalk 10, Page 1, Passive Voice." ESL GRAMMARTALK. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
"Historical Events for Year 1930 |" Today in History, Birthdays & History Articles | N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
"Nightbook: Broken." Nightbook. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
O'Brien, Patrick. Encyclopedia of World History. Copyright George Phillip Ltd. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 2000. (Updated 2010.) Facts on File, Inc. Modern World History Online. <> (accessed May 21, 2012)
"The Wizard of Oz movie poster, 1939 - Found in Mom's Basement." Advertising Is Good For You. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.

Global Events, Editor:Jodi Lessner

World Headlines - Worldwide Events, Catastrophes (4):
  • New York Times - Hindenburg Burns in Lakehurst Crash; 21 Known Dead, 12 Missing; 64 Escape ( May, 1937)
  • New York Times - Nazi’s Smash, Loot and Burn Jewish Shops and Temples Until Goebbels Call Halt (November 11, 1938 -Kristallnacht) [never again, website WWII]
  • The Wing Daily Republican - North China in State of War (1937)
  • Gandhi on March Defies British (1930-Salt March)- (ebay google search)
World Leaders - as headlines (3)
  • Hitler Made Chancellor of Germany But Coalition Cabinet Limits Power; Centrists Hold Power in Reichstag (1933) - New York Times
  • Mussolini Changes His Tune Italian Hopes Of Solution (1935) - The Telegraph
  • Britain's First Day of War: Churchill Is New Navy Chief (1939) - Daily Mirror

The Hindenburg disaster occurred on May 6, 1937. The Hindenburg was a giant, German airship. It was scheduled to land that day in the Lakehurst Naval station in New Jersey. The Hindenburg was a symbol of Nazi Germany’s rise to power. It was proof to the German’s amazing use of aviation technology. Traveling by blimp, was used fairly often. On May 6, though the Germans were flying the blimp on a transatlantic flight from Germany to New Jersey. Unfortunately while the Hindenburg was coming in for landing it caught fire. Thirty-six out of the ninety-seven passengers died during the crash. Herb Morrison, a radio announcer from the WLS station in Chicago, was sent to cover the landing. His broadcast that recorded the events is one of the most famous ever. One of the most famous part of the broadcast reads as follows, "Oh, the humanity, and all the passengers. Screaming around me, I'm so—I can't even talk, the people, it's not fair, it's—it's—oh! I can't talk, ladies and gentlemen, honest …" This broadcast was aired on NBC, and began the broad use of on-the-scene broadcast news.

In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi staged a march called the Salt March to peacefully protest British rule over India. The march was designed specifically to protest the British Salt Tax. The Salt Tax made it illegal for anyone to sell or produce salt, giving the British a monopoly on the industry. The Salt March was a two hundred and forty mile non-violent march from Sabarmati to Dandi. The march took twenty-three days. Along with him, seventy-eight other men marched. During the march Gandhi picked up salt, an action that was illegal. His followers did the same. A month later, Gandhi was arrested along with fellow protesters. Although the march was non-violent, the police officers were violent. Because some refused to fight back, they were killed instantly by police officers clubs. Women were not allowed to march with Gandhi because Gandhi thought that police officers would react more violently to their non-violent protest if women were involved.

Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics in 1936
Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics in 1936

Ghandi on Salt March
Ghandi on Salt March

external image hindinburg.png
Hindenburg Explosion

Kristallnacht - Night of Broken Glass
Kristallnacht - Night of Broken Glass
Video recording of the Hindenburg disaster, as relayed by Herb Morrison.

"29 1937 headline newspapers JAPAN - CHINA WAR BEGINS Shanghai & Bejing attacked | eBay." Electronics, Cars, Fashion, Collectibles, Coupons and More Online Shopping | eBay. Ebay, n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

"HITLER BECOMES CHANCELLOR OF GERMANY | The Mitchell Archives - Original Historic Newspapers." The Mitchell Archives - Original Historic Newspapers For Sale. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

keyword. "Front page of the Daily Mirror newspaper, Monday 6 September 1939." Rights Managed Travel Photography by Impact Photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

Mahatma Gandhi SALT MARCH Satagraha BEGINS Dandi India Indian 1930 Old Newspaper | eBay." Electronics, Cars, Fashion, Collectibles, Coupons and More Online Shopping | eBay. Ebay, n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

Porter, Russell B.. "Hindenburg Burns in Lakehurst Crash; 21 Known Dead, 12 Missing; 64 Escape." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

"The Crash of the Hindenburg." American Decades Primary Sources. Ed. Cynthia Rose. Vol. 4: 1930-1939. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 507-511. Gale World History In Context. Web. 16 May 2012.

"Reporting the Hindenburg Disaster." Science and Its Times. Ed. Neil Schlager and Josh Lauer. Vol. 6. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Gale World History In Context. Web. 16 May 2012.

"wwii « Never Again!." Never Again!. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

American Foreign Policy, Editor: Jack Bulk

Us Presidents-as headlines (all)

•Roosevelt Promises National Relief. The Seattle Star

•Roosevelt Flood Sweeps Congress. Santa Fe New Mexico

•Madison Roars salute to Hoover. The Wisconsin State Journal.

US actions abroad.

• New York roars a wild welcome home to Bobby Jones. Trenton evening times

Us Reactions to events Abroad.

• Nippon Planes bomb and sink us gunboat Panay. The Herald

•Nazis burn property, loot stores of Jews. The Cincinnati Enquirer

•German Army Attacks Poland: Cities Bombed, Port Blockaded; Danzig Is Accepted Into Reich. New york times,

1. Bobby (Robert) Jones (1902-1971) was a golfer in 1930 in which he won the amateur grand slam of golf which is winning all 4 major tournaments in one year. The 4 tournaments are the US open, US amateur, British open, and the British open. In his career he won 21 major tournaments. He is most famous for helping create the masters tournament. He is also known well for never going pro even though he was good enough. After 1930 he went to Harvard so he could be a lawyer. Bobby influenced many middle class citizens that golf was a recreational sport not just for the country clubs.

2. The USS Panay accident in 1937 was when the Japanese bombed the American gunboat Panay which was anchored in the Yangtze river. The Panay was in China to save some American reporters, American embassy people, American civilians, and to escort 3 oil tankers. While it was anchored to avoid the fighting between the Chinese and the Japanese it was attacked by 12 Japanese planes. The planes dropped 132 pounds of explosive on the American gunboat. There were 3 killed and 45 wounded only 5 of the wounded were civilians. The Japanese later claimed that they couldn’t see the large American flags painted all over the ship. They had to pay compensation to us and we started to not trust them as much.

The Primary source:
Bobby Jones
Bobby Jones

The Uss Panay
The Uss Panay

President Roosevelt
President Roosevelt

Poland Invaded by Germany
Poland Invaded by Germany

"A Japanese Attack Before Pearl Harbor.." Gale World History In Context.. Version GALE|A172404909. Morning Edition , 13 Dec. 2007. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

"Bobby Jones | Readex Blog." Readex Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

" Google Image Result for" Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <,r:5,s:0,i:84>.

" Google Image Result for" Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <,r:1,s:21,i:121>.

Jackson, Ed, and Charles Pou. "TDGH - November 8." Welcome to GeorgiaInfo. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

"Jesse Owens OWNED the 1936 Olympics… | Rentschler Library News." Rentschler Library News. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

"New York Roars Out Wild Welcome to Bobby Jones." Trenton Evening News 2 July 1930: 1. Print.

"NPR Media Player." NPR : National Public Radio : News & Analysis, World, US, Music & Arts : NPR. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.

"The Curse of the Corporation." MindSerpent - Restoring self-empowerment. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

Taylor, Nicholas. "FDR Election Support, 1932." UW Departments Web Server. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

Home Front (American Domestic Policy: political trends, economic trends, extension of rights, Supreme Court cases), Editor: Katie Zucca

Katie- Domestic Policy:

U. S. Presidents:

There were two U. S. presidents in the 1930s. One of them was Herbert Hoover. His term ended in 1933. The second U. S. president was Franklin Roosevelt. Franklin Roosevelt did a lot for our country during the great depression. He came up with a “New Deal” which allowed him to make things organized, making it easier to solve the problem of unemployment. This idea created a lot of new jobs for the people who weren't working so they would be able to provide for their family. He also created the idea of “100 Days”. These attempts helped to pull the United States out of the Depression Era in the 1930s. President Roosevelt was elected in 1932 and served four terms, but died in his fourth term. After he died on April 12th, 1945, Congress made a law, forbidding any president from serving more than 2 terms.

  • "Hebert Hoover is Elected into The White House"
  • "Franklin Roosevelt wins the election once again"
  • "Court Questions Roosevelt's Fourth Term"
  • Franklin Roosevelt Dies of a Stroke
  • "Franklin Roosevelt Creates a 'New Deal'"
  • "100 Days"
  • Stock Market Crashes"
  • Unemployment Puts People Out on The Streets"

Leaders in Congress:

A senator of the 1930’s was Harry F. Byrd. He worked with a newspaper company, and he was a farmer and politician. He represented his home state in Congress, Virginia. In Virginia, he reorganized the government, making it more efficient. He was eventually elected as governor in 1925. Throughout that time he lead the Byrd Organization, which controlled Virginian politics. He did not believe in racial discrimination in schools. He served as a senator for Virginia from 1933 to 1965.

Another senator of the 1930s was Huey P. Long. He was the seventh of nine children and he was born on August 30th, 1893 in Louisiana. In 1913, Huey P. Long married Rose McCollen. After realizing his interest in politics, Huey attended the University of Oklahoma. And in 1914 he went to Tulane University Law School. He was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 and served from May 21, 1928 to January 25, 1932. He was also elected as a Democrat to the Senate in 1930. Huey P. Long died on September 10, 1935 when he was shot by an assassin.

Supreme Court Cases:

Lucas Vs. Earl, United States v. Sprague, McBoyle v. United States, Stromberg v. California, Burnet v. Logan, Near v. Minnesota, United States v. Kirby Lumber, Co. Blackmer v. United States, Blockburger v. United States, Crowell v. Benson, New State Ice Co. v. Liebmann, Nixon v. Condon, North American Oil Consolidated v. Burnet, Powell v. Alabama, Sorrells v. United States, Home Building & Loan Association v. Blaisdell, Burroughs v. United States, Nebbia v. New York, Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan, Gregory v. Helvering, Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, Humphrey's Executor v. United States, Pacific States Box & Basket Co. v. White, Fox Film Corp. v. Muller, United States v. Constantine, United States v. Butler, Grosjean v. American Press Co., Brown v. Mississippi, Wallace v. Cutten, Valentine v. United States, Bourdieu v. Pacific Western Oil Co., United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp., DeJonge v. Oregon West Coast, Hotel Co. v. Parrish, National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin, Steel Corporation Steward Machine Company v. Davis, Bogardus v. Commissioner, Palko v. Connecticut, Connecticut General Life Insurance Company v. Johnson, Lovell v. City of Griffin, New Negro Alliance v. Sanitary Grocery Co., Hale v. Kentucky, Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins, Hinderlider v. La Plata River & Cherry Creek Ditch, United States v. Carolene Products Co. NLRB v. Mackay Radio & Telegraph Co., Johnson v. Zerbst, Collins v. Yosemite Park & Curry Co., Kellogg Co. v. National Biscuit Co., Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canad, United States v. Miller Coleman, v. Miller, Hague v. CIO, Schneider v. New Jersey

external image herbet_hoover_415w.jpg(Herbert Hoover)

external image 443113_President-Franklin-D-Roosevelt.jpg(Franklin Roosevelt)

external image Harry_F._Byrd.jpg(Harry F. Byrd)

external image l000418.jpg(Huey P. Long)

external image supreme_court_building.JPG(Supreme Court)

Primary Source:


  • 1943, late, it was apparent that the Allies would ultimately defeat the enemy, the postwar future of Europe. Roosevelt met with Churchill, and the Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek. "Franklin D. Roosevelt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.

  • 1935, the time NRA ended in May, and 1935. "New Deal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.

Leisure Time (Arts, Sports, Fashion, Music),

Editor: Eleanor

Music and Fashion Trends

-Bing Crosbyexternal image 6Gtyu9bxGjHjZ463WfeZA4NTU4hp3GbGxvmUNQyDEuzsLwVM_-bRSxdG2ByMdZ2igbYu6FYb1NQb9GdbkE36XhWE4Ra0GQK-X6VXUI5lDvl34EMfA3A

-Butterfly sleeves and banjo sleeves, and exaggerated shoulder pads for both men and women

Famous books published

-The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien

-Gone With the Wind by Margaret Mitchell

Top loved Movies of the '30's

-Wizard of Oz, The (1939)

-City Lights (1931)

-Babe Ruth(baseball)
-Horse Back Racing

For many years there was controversy in America whether horse racing or boxing was America's second most favorite sport. Horse racing's popularity grew as boxing became more crooked and baseball more predictable. Larger payouts helped increase interest too. Fans who bet on Head Play in the 1933 Kentucky Derby may have thought they were cheated by the horse Broker's Tip’s jockey Don Meade, who fouled the crowds favorite jockey, Herb Fisher. Both riders fought through the stretch and in the jockey room afterward, but the foul was disallowed. Man O' War's day had come and gone, but his heirs, Battleship and War Admiral, would step into winner's circles in the later 1930s.
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The official garment of the 1930's was the Butterfly Blouse. The pattern originally came from Decades of Style pattern company, their goal was to take amazing vintage patterns and make them available to anyone. They take unique and original clothing from 1920 through 1959 and turn it back into patterns. The sleeves are very long and wide, like the animal the butterfly. Many women wore them because they were very cheap and easy to make. This was especially important during the 1930’s because the depression made it very hard for Americans to buy new clothes and things were very expensive.

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"Horse Racing - 1930's Sports." eNotes - Literature Study Guides, Lesson Plans, and More.. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

Lake, the Shores of Silver. "Best Books of the Decade: 1930's (220 books)." Share Book Recommendations With Your Friends, Join Book Clubs, Answer Trivia. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <

"Manufacturing Memory: American Popular Music in the 1930's." American Studies @ The University of Virginia. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.

"Sincerely Yours, Kate: 1930's Butterfly Sleeve Wrap top.." Sincerely Yours, Kate. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2012. <>.


1. What was the most popular article of clothing in the 1930s?

2. Who were the two presidents in the 1930s?

3. What movie did Charlie Chaplin star in?

4. What was the exact date Germany invaded Poland?

5. How many terms was President Roosevelt in office?

6. What year was the Empire State Building built?

7. What year did Kristallnacht occur?

8. How many gold medals did Jesse Owens receive in the 1936 olympics?

9. Germany and Italy form the what axis allience?

10. What country and what year invented radar?