Decades Project: 1950's

Introduction To the 1950's

The 1950's was an eventful decade. There was the Korean War, a war that lasted from 1950 to 1953. This was a decade of work, it showed how strong and resourceful we are. We worked like a well oiled machine, whether it was the space race or assisting other countries with foreign conflicts. We were able to elect two presidents and come up with some of the greatest literature ever written such as Catcher In The Rye. We created the space program and held our own against russia. We showed the world that we were a superpower of a country and could not be brought down, no matter what was thrown at us.

-Timeline of the 1950's

Senator Joseph McCarthy
to power
The Twenty-Second Amendment
to the United States Constitution,
establishing term limits for President,
was passed.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
was elected president
Eisenhower was inagurated
as President
McCarthy was discredited in
the Army-McCarthy hearings.
The Warsaw Pact was signed,
establishing a mutual defense
arrangement subscribed to by
eight Communist states in Eastern Europe, including the Soviet Union.
Eisenhower was reelected President
Space Race: The Soviet Union launched Sputnik.
NASA was Formed
The Cuban Revolution took place
Korean War began
Truman fired General Douglas MacArthur
for his comments about using
nuclear weapons on China.
The Today Show debuted
on NBC
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
were executed
In its decision in Brown v. Board of Education,
the Supreme declared that state laws
establishing separate public schools
for black and white students, and
denying black children equal educational opportunities, were unconstitutional.
Jonas Stalk developed a polio vaccine.
Marilyn Monroe married playwright Arthur Miller
Schools were desegregated in Little Rock Arkansas.
The National Defense Act was passed
Alaska and Hawaii became the forty-ninth and fiftieth states.
Truman Assasination was
The Mutual Security Act was passed
The McCarran-Walter Act
was passed
An Armistice was reached in
NBC debuted The Tonight Show, hosted by Steve Allen.
Ray Croc opened a McDonalds fast food restaurant.
Hungarian Revolution of 1956: The United States refused to support the revolution.
The Civil Right Act of 1957, primarily a voting rights bill, was passed.
Jack Kilby invented the integrated circuit
The NBC western Bonanza was first broadcast in color.

Images From the 1950's:

Korean War Montage

Dwight Eisenhower, our 34th President

Harry S. Truman, our 33rd President

Fidel Castro gains control of Cuba


"There comes a time, when people get tired...of being kicked about by the brutal feet of oppression."
-Martin Luther King

"I Like Ike"


Wikipedia TImeline
"Timeline of United States History."Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
Korean War Picture
"File:Korean War Montage 2.png - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia."Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <
Neil Armstrong Picture
"File:As11-40-5886.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
Cuban Revolution Picture
"The Cuban Revolution (1952-1958)."The Cuban Revolution (1952-1958). N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
Harry S. Truman
"Harry S. Truman." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
Dwight Eisenhower
"Dwight D. Eisenhower - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia."Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <
"File:I like Ike.jpg." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
Slogan MLK
"Outline of American History - Chapter 11: Postwar America." About the USA. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2012. <>.

Global Events, Headlines, and Catastrophes

Edited by: Matt Gannon

Global Headlines:

-War Breaks out in Korea

-Fidel Castro gains control of Cuba

-The United States and the Soviet Union begin the Space Race

World Leaders:

-General Secretary Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)

-Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill (United Kingdom)

-President Harry S. Truman (United States)

-President Dwight D. Eisenhower(United States)

Major Worldwide Events/ Catastrophes:

-Korean War

-Algerian War

-Hurricane Dianne

Korean War

The separation of Korea into North Korea and South Korea occurred when the United States of America and the Soviet Union agreed to divide Korea at the thirty-eighth parallel in 1945. The purpose of this agreement was to set up a unified government in Korea. However, the Soviet Union refused to cooperate in making a unified government. Due to the Soviet Union’s refusal to cooperate, the countries of North Korea and South Korea were established. The thirty-eighth parallel is currently the center of the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) and it is still the dividing line between North Korea and South Korea. Harry S. Truman was the President of the United States at the time of the Korean War, and he appointed General Douglas MacArthur as his field commander. The United States had a very large role in aiding South Korea during this war. The United States provided the Republic of Korea (South Korea) with arms, ammunition, air, naval, and ground forces and financial aid.

Space Race

The Space Race was a competition between the U.S. and the Soviet Union for supremacy in space Exploration . It officially began on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 into orbit. Both the United States and the Soviet Union wanted to be superior in space exploration. This caused both countries to spend a lot of money and research on space exploration. In 1961, the Soviet Union launched Yuri Gagarin into orbit on the Vostok 1, which made him the first human into space. However, the United States did not falter. On December 21, 1968 the United States launched Apollo 8 onto the moon. This made it the first ever spacecraft with a crew to orbit the moon. Then, one of the most amazing things happened on July 16, 1969, Neil Armstrong was the first man to set foot on the Moon. Neil's famous words were, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." The Space race officially ended in 1975.

Korean War

Sputnik 1

Algerian War

Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Soviet Union

Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the U.K.

1950's Video:


"1950 Universal Newsreel - YouTube ." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2012. <>.
1950's Wikipedia
"1950s - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
Sputnik 1
"Sputnik 1 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
Korean War Montage
"Canadian Korean Veterans Honoured 516 Gave their Lives - The Guardian - blogarticle." The Guardian - Charlottetown Newspaper. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
Winston Churchill
"Winston Churchill." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <
Joseph Stalin
"Joseph Stalin." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.
Korean War Facts
"Korean War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2012. <
Space Race Facts
"Space Race - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2012. <>.

American Foreign Policy

Edited by: Alex Trudel

United States reaction to foreign events:

- Russia successfully launches Luna 1 from Baikonur cosmodrome, 1959, January 2

Russia is gaining in the space race and is worrying the U.S.

- Fidel Castro becomes Premier of Cuba, 1959, February.

Fear of being taken over and having a communist country so close.


U.S. actions abroad.

- Egypt takes over the Suez Canal forcing French,British and American troops to take it back.

29 October – 7 November, 1956.
- The Korean war begins in Korea.
25 June, 1950.
- The Jayuya Uprising begins in Jayuya, Puerto Rico.
October 30, 1950.


U.S. presidential headlines.
- President Truman approves the work on the hydrogen bomb.
- President Truman demands North Korea to halt there invasion.
June 6, 1950.
Suez news reel
Above is a link to a news real from the 50's on the Suez crisis and other things.

- The jayuya Uprising begin on October 30, 1950. The actual idea of revolution started much before that. The Puerto Rican nationalist party president was Don Pedro Albizu Campus. He was the only Puerto Rican Harvard grad and was a second lieutenant in the U.S. army. He believed that Puerto Rico should be an independent country and thought that by armed force was the best way to do it. There had been several massacres, such as the Ponce massacre. Albizu had been planning the rebellion for years but was ready to strike when he received a message that his house was surrounded by cops. He ordered the rebellion to begin and the uprising started on October 30, 1950. The attacks were numerous and in small waves in many places such as Ponce, Naranjito, Saun Juan, Utuado, Arecibo, Mayaguez and the biggest Jayuya. Many police men were shot and killed or injured in fire fights. America responded by unleashing a force of soldiers machine guns bomber planes and mortars. The party manged to hold it down for three days, with constant machine gun fire. Finally they surrender and there were mass arrest's. People thought that this was it, that it would be contained in Puerto Rico. They were wrong, On November 1, 1950 two Puerto Rican nationalist came to the Blair house and tried to assassinate president Truman. They were unsuccessful, one was killed and the other injured they did mange to kill one security guard while there.

- The Suez canal, one of the main shipping ports especially for the U.S.. On October 29, 1956 Egypt takes over the canal not allowing any thing in. The response is enormous. British, American, French and Israeli troops descend on the canal and by November 7, 1956 they take back the canal. This was a very difficult thing for Egypt to recover from. Days before the attack they had been invaded by Israel. There was a lot of tension after, the small battle destroyed Egypt's army and was under financial crisis.
This is one of the cover pictures for Life magazine, during the Suez canal crisis.


- "Jayuya Uprising - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2012. <>.
- "Suez Crisis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2012. <>.
- Hickey, Michael. "BBC - History - World Wars: The Korean War: An Overview." BBC - Homepage. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2012. < /coldwar/korea_hickey_01.shtml>
- "Fidel Castro History Archive." Marxists Internet Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2012. <>

Home Front (American Domestic Policy: political trends, economic trends, extension of rights, Supreme Court cases)

Edited by: Miles Katzen

Presidents of the 1950's:

During the decade of 1950, the United States had two presidents. The first was Harry Truman who ended his term in 1952. Truman previously was the vice president for Franklin D Roosevelt. The second president was Dwight Eisenhower. Eisenhower was a five star general who served as president from 1953 until 1961. In World War II, he served as Supreme Commander in the allied forces in Europe where he planned an invasion of France and Germany from the Western Front. Eisenhower threatened to use nuclear weapons which made China cease-fire in the Korean War.

Harry S. Truman

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Senators in the 1950s:

Through 147 until he died in in 1956, Joseph "Joe" McCarthy served as a republican in the U.S. Senate representing Wisconsin. He was famous for accusing people of communism. The term McCarthyism was made in his name for anti-communist activity.
Joseph McCarthy

Supreme Court Cases of the 1950s:

1) In 1954, the case of Brown vs Board of Education reached the supreme court. Oliver Brown, a pastor at his local church, was upset with the school system in Topeka, Kansas, his residence. He was upset that his daughter, Linda Brown, was rejected from the local school, which was primarily white. Linda Brown’s “black” school was twenty-one blocks away from her house. It really upset Mr. Brown that his child had to be separated from the other children in Kansas based on the color of her skin. He wanted people to get past that and see what African-Americans have to offer in and out of the classroom. He and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) along with Thurgood Marshall sued the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. This case was so important that it made it all the way to the Supreme Court.
Mother (Nettie Hunt) and daughter (Nickie) sit on steps of the Supreme Court building on May 18, 1954, the day following the Court's historic decision in Brown v. Board of Education. Nettie is holding a newspaper with the headline "High Court Bans Segregation in Public Schools.

2) In 1956, the case of Browder v. Gayler reached the supreme court. This too was a case about racial issues. This case dealt with the issues of people boycotting the bus system. Black leaders sued their hometown of Montgomery, Alabama for having segregation on buses.

Other Events:

  • On December1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man.
  • On April 12, 1955m Jonas Salk invented the polio vaccine.
  • Alaska becomes a state on January 3, 1959 and Hawaii on August 21, 1959.


"Browder v. Gayle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2012. <>.
Nonetheless, Parks was more clearly in violation of custom than of law., and resulted in her arrest. "Rosa Parks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2012. <>.
U.S. Presidents
" Presidents of the 1950s - US History 1950s." US History 1950s - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2012. <>.

Leisure Time (Arts, Sports, Fashion, Music), editor: Isaiah Congo and Miles Katzen

Popular Music:

1. Johnny B. Goode - Chuck Berry
2. Jailhouse Rock - Elvis Presley
3. Rock Around the Clock - Bill Haley & His Comets
4. Tutti-Frutti - Little Richard
5. Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On - Jerry Lee Lewis
6. What'd I Say - Ray Charles
7. Summertime Blues - Eddie Cochran
8. Hound Dog - Elvis Presley
9. Long Tall Sally - Little Richard
10. That'll Be the Day - Buddy Holly & the Crickets

Popular Movies:

Godzilla was created in


-Singing in the Rain

-Bridge on the River Kwai

Published books

Charlotte'ss Web by E. B. White
Charolottes's Web

The Catcher and the Rye by J. D. Salinger
The Catcher in the Rye


  • In 1950, the New York Yankees swept the Philadelphia Phillies the world series in baseball.
  • In 1950, the Cleveland Browns beat the Los Angeles Rams in the NFL Championship game.
  • The University of Oklahoma Sooners become college football champions
  • Jimmy Demaret won the Masters Tournament in golf
Jimmy Demaret

Through 50s there was a bunch of interesting things. For example the film Godzilla was created in 1954 in Japan. The famous hit singles Tutti Fruity by little Richard and Hound dog by Elvis Presley went both platinum. Also the Yankees swept Phillies the world series in 1950. Even the Famous Charlottes Web was made in the 50's. Alot of interesting things happend in the 50's.

In 1952 the famous film Singing in the Rain was produced and put into theaters. The film had every one singing the famous song Singing in the Rain. It won 2 academy award for best supporting actress and best oringinal music score. The main character Donald O'Connor also won a globe award for the whole film. Today it is still a classic popular movie.


"Charlotte's Web - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2012. <>.

Love, e Bye. "Best Songs of 1950s - Greatest Hits of Rock and Roll, Music Videos." Boomers Life: Music, People, Health and Issues of Interest to Boomers. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2012. <>.

"1950 in sports - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2012. <>.

10-Point Assessment

Edited by: Matt Gannon/ Miles Katzen

1. Who was the first president in the 1950's?
2. Name 2 Global Events in the 1950's
3. What was a famous movie in the 50's?
4. What caused the Korean war to begin?
5. Who gained control of Cuba in the 1950's?
6. What 2 countries were involved in the Space Race?
7. Who was the second president of the 1950's?
8. What Hurricane struck the east coast?
9. What was one Supreme Court Case?
10. Who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in the 1950's?